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Glossary

Agricultural Hemp: refers to varieties of the Cannabis Sativa L. plant that contains less than 0.3% THC in the dry weight material, and is grown for industrial purposes.

Anandamide is an endocannabinoid as well as a neurotransmitter produced in the brain that binds to cannabinoid receptors in order to maintain homeostasis. Also known as the “bliss molecule,” anandamide was the first endocannabinoid discovered in the human body and paved the way for our modern understanding of the endocannabinoid system.

Cannabidiol: A chemical substance found in the cannabis plant; THC and CBD are the two most prevalent, but there are at least 113 known cannabinoids.

Cannabis Sativa L.: a species of plant in the Cannabis genus; refers to both agricultural hemp and marijuana.

CBD: Cannabidiol, a substance found in cannabis plants. CBD helps to relieve pain, foster sleep, decrease stress, and provide other non-psychoactive benefits. Unlike THC, CBD cannot get you high.

CBD-A: short for cannabidiolic-acid; an acidic cannabinoid, the naturally occurring raw form of CBD that is produced directly in the plant.

Anandamide: a derivative of arachidonic acid that occurs naturally in the brain (as well as some foods) and acts as a messenger molecule, playing roles in appetite, depression, memory, and fertility; one of the two known endocannabinoids.

Endocannabinoid: naturally occurring cannabinoids in the human body.

CB1: cannabinoid receptor found primarily in the central nervous system (nerves in the brain and spinal cord).

CB2: cannabinoid receptor found primarily in the peripheral nervous system (nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord).

THC: short for tetrahydrocannabinol; a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis shown to have some benefits on human and animal health, however, is responsible for intoxicating effects associated with marijuana use.

CBN: short for cannabinol; a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis; it is produced when THC is metabolized and has little to no intoxicating effects.

CBG: short for cannabigerol; known as the “parent cannabinoid” and is the chemical precursor to THC and CBD.

CBC: short for cannabichromene; a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis that has little to no intoxicating effects.

Entourage Effect: refers to the idea that biologically active compounds can have enhanced biological activity when administered in combination with otherwise inactive compounds as opposed to isolated active compounds administered alone.

Decarboxylation: removing a carboxyl group from a chemical compound; the process used to convert oil

Raw oil: a whole-plant CO2 extraction from agricultural hemp; Cannabidiolic Acid, or CBD-A, comprises a significant proportion of the extracted cannabinoids in the raw oil.

CO2 Extraction: method used to extract hemp Oil concentrates; CO2 gas is pressurized into a a safe liquid and used to extract oils from plants with the advantage of no solvent residue.

Non-psychotoxic: does not have a detrimental effect on the mind, personality or behavior; does not get you “high.”

Homeostasis: self-regulating process of any system in the body; your body automatically finding balance.

Bioavailability - The proportion of a drug that reaches circulation in the body and has an active effect.

ECS - Endocannabinoid System, the natural infrastructure in your body able to produce, utilize, and dissolve the cannabinoids produced or consumed by you. The ECS is composed of chemical receptors where endocannabinoids (internally-produced cannabinoids) bond, as well as enzymes to synthesize and break down the endocannabinoids.

Entourage Effect - The property of cannabinoids (including THC) that increases the effects of each other when taken together.

Full-Spectrum - Any hemp oil listed as "full-spectrum" means it contains, at maximum, 0.3% THC in addition to the CBD. Full-spectrum products take advantage of the entourage effect.

Hemp - A cannabis plant bred to have very low THC content and is primarily cultivated for its fibers. Hemp products range from oils to clothing.

Isolate - A highly concentrated, purified form of a cannabinoid. CBD is one of the most common isolates you’ll find.

Marijuana - Dried leaves and flowers of the cannabis plant that contain both THC and CBD. Marijuana is a substance consumed for both medical and recreational purposes, most commonly consumed for its psychoactive properties.

Opioid - A class of medications, commonly used for pain relief. Opioids can be prescribed by doctors, but have been tied to cases of addiction throughout the United States.

Pure CBD Oil: is essentially the opposite of a full- spectrum product. Pure CBD oil is created using CBD isolate with MCT oil and anhydrous hemp oil. Pure CBD oil is odorless, flavorless and ideal for those who don’t care for the flavor of CBD, or want to be assured of using a THC-free product. Pure CBD oil can be used sublingually or added to your choice of foods or beverages.

Psychoactive - Substances or compounds that can alter a person’s perception, mindset, or otherwise normal brain function.

Terpenes - Organic compounds in plants and insects responsible for the smell and taste of cannabis. These compounds synergize with CBD and THC to help with pain, seizures (epilepsy), depression, anxiety, and infections.

THC - Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, a substance found in cannabis plants. This is the primary ingredient in marijuana, and the only psychoactive component in the cannabis plant. This is what gets you high when ingesting marijuana.

Vasodilator -  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3954478/